SIMULATION OF A SOLAR DRIVEN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR A HOUSE IN DRY AND HOT CLIMATE OF ALGERIA
Solar cooling technology is environmentally friendly and contributes to a significant decrease of the CO2 emissions which
cause the green house effect .Currently, most of the solar cooling systems commonly used are the hot water driven lithium
bromide absorption chillers. According to the operating temperature of driving thermal source, single – effect Li Br/H2O
absorption chillers have the advantage of being powered by ordinary flat-plate or evacuated tubular solar collectors available in
the market. The main objective of this work is to develop a computational model that allows the simulation of an hourly basis
for an absorption refrigeration - single - effect used the LiBr/H2O as solution working fluid- system assisted by solar energy
and natural gas as auxiliary fuel coupled with the residential building located in the hot and dry climate of Algeria. This model
will be developed using the dynamic simulation program TRNSYS, considering three specifics areas of work: determination of
the cooling loads for a building, implementation of the computational model for the absorption refrigeration system and the
parametric optimization of components, which will make possible an approach to optimal sizing of the solar absorption
system. The results of the simulation of the absorption chiller indicate that an area of 28 m2
of flat plat collectors with an
inclination of 35° and 800 L for hot storage tank provides an annual solar fraction of 80% and a thermal performance
coefficient COP of 0.73, getting to cover demand of air conditioning in a house of 120 m2
located in Biskra (Algeria).
of buildings –an overview. Appl Therm Eng 2007;
 Solar cooling within the shada project – Glossary,
Passive cooling of buildings and solar assisted air
conditioning systems. Ref del project 05C00455, Data
de lliurament 20 d'abril 2005.
 X. Q. Zhai, M.Qu, Yue.Li, RZ.Wang; A review for
research and new design options of solar absorption
cooling systems. Renewable and sustainable energy
reviews 2011; 15(9); 4416-4423.
 Hans –Martin Henning, Solar –Assisted Air
Conditioning in buildings, A Handbook for planners;
second revised edition, 2007.
 L.A. Chidambaram; Review of solar cooling methods
and thermal storage options. Renewable and
sustainable energy reviews 2011; 15; 3220-3228.
 Rosiek, S, Batlles; Integration of the solar thermal
energy in the construction: Analysis of the solar-
assisted air–conditioning system installed in CIESOL
building. Review Energy 2009; 34(6); 1423-
 Task 25: Solar –assisted air conditioning of building,
 Preenc JP.Marc. Lucas .Miranville F. Simulation and
experimental investigation of solar absorption cooling
system in Reunion Island. Appl –Energy 2011; 88(3);
 Balghouthi .M, Chahbanima, Guizani A Feasibility of
solar absorption air conditioning in Tunisia. Build
Environ 2008; 43(9); 1459-1470.
 S. Louafi, B.Draoui, Simulation and optimisation of a
solar driven air conditioning system for a house in
south Algeria (Bechar). International Conference on
Energy and Sustainable Development
 29-30 November 2011.H .Vidal. R.Escobar, S.Colle,
Simulation and optimization of a solar driven air
conditioning system for a house in Chile. Proceeding
of the ISES solar world Ren Energy Shoping Our
Future, congress 2009.
 Joudi Ka, Abdul-Ghafour QL . Development of
design charts for solar cooling systems. Part 1:
Computer simulation of a solar cooling system and
development of solar cooling design charts. Energy
Convers Manage 2003; 44(2); 313-339.
 Mazlouni.M, Javaherdeh.K' Simulation of a solar
absorption cooling system with parabolic trough
collector for sunchine hours. Energy Convers Manage
2008; 49(10) 2820-2832.
 FLorides G.A, Kalogirou,S.A, Wrobel, Modeling,
simulation and warming impact assessment of a
domestic size absorption solar cooling, Applied
Thermal Eng 2002;22(12)
 Assilzadeh F, Kalogirou SA, Ali Y,Sopian K,
Simulation and optimization of a solar absorption
cooling system With evacuated tube collectors.
Renew Energy 2005; 30(8); 1143-1159.
 Atmaco L,Yigit.A, Simulation of a solar-powered
absorption cooling system. Renew Energy 2003;28(8)
 Ward D.S. and Löf G.O.G, Design and construction of
a residential solar heating and cooling system. Solar
Energy 1975; 17(1); 13-20.
 Ward D.S. and Löf G.O.G and Uesai. T Cooling
subsystem design in CSU solar house I.I.I. Solar
Energy 1978, 20(2);119-126.
 Bong, T,Y,Ng, K.C and Tay, A,O Performance Study
of a solar powered air conditioning system. Solar
Energy 1987; 39 (3); 173-182.
 Al – Karaghouli, A, Abood, I, Al–Hamdani, NI, The
Solar Energy research center building thermal
performance evaluation during the summer season.
Energy Conversion and Management 1991; 32 ; 409-
 Yeung, M.R, Yueu, P.K,Dunn, A, and Cornish ,L,S,
Performance of a solar powered air conditioning
system in Hong Kong. Solar Energy 1992; 48(5); 309-
 Ali AH H, Noeres Peter, Pollerberg Clemens ,
Performance assessment of an integrated free cooling
and solar powered single-effect lithium bromide –
water absorption chiller. Solar Energy 2008; 82; 1021-
 Tierney Mj Options for solar – assisted refrigeration–
trough collectors and double– effect chillers.
Renewable Energy 2007; 32; 183-199.
 Tsilingiris PT, Theoretical modeling of a solar air
conditioning system for domestic applications. Energy
Convers Manage 1993; 34; 523– 531.
 Ghaddor NK, Shihab M, Bdeir F. Modeling and
simulation of solar absorption system performance in
Beirut Renew Energy 1997; 10; 539 –558.
 TRNSYS 17.1 A TRaNsient System Simulation
program. User's Manual Solar Energy Laboratory,
University of Wisconsin-Madison.