Study and optimization of the windows’ impact on thermal comfort and energy efficiency (Case of offices in a hot and arid climate)
Controlling the thermal environment and reducing the energy consumption of buildings across the façade are a difficult challenge for architects, especially in a desert climate. The windows in particular play an important role in the tandem of the thermal operation of the building and the comfort of the users. The objective of this article is to study and optimize the impact of windows, their material and proportional characteristics on the thermal comfort and energy efficiency of office buildings in a hot and arid climate. The investigation is based on an empirical approach (measurements taken in situ on real cases) as well as on a numerical simulation study with the TRNSYS program. Several parameters have been studied such as surface temperature, ambient temperature and energy consumption. The results showed that facade windows are a determining factor in the thermal exchanges between the building and its environment and that the key parameters that condition these exchanges are the windows ratio (glazed area) and the type of glazing. The judicious choice of the windows ratio combined with an appropriate choice of the type and composition of the glazing improves the thermal comfort of the users and ensures the energy performance of the building.
J. Appl. Eng. Sci. Technol. (JAEST - ISSN 2352-9873) is a peer-reviewed quarterly journal dedicated to the applied engineering sciences and technology. The JAEST provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
There is no submission or publication fee for papers published in the JAEST.
Authors who publish in the JAEST agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in the JAEST.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in the JAEST.
- Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the JAEST and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.